The Institute’s Toronto–Rome Programme in Manuscript Studies will return to Toronto in the summer of 2024.
The programme will run from 3 June to 12 July 2024. The courses to be offered are MSST 1000: Latin Palaeography and MSST 1001: Codicology. Both will be taught by M. Michèle Mulchahey, the Leonard E. Boyle Professor in Manuscript Studies at the Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies. See this year's flyer here.
The Institute has long enjoyed a reputation for providing the best training possible in those technical fields that made its students uniquely qualified to pursue original research amongst the manuscript survivals from the medieval period, namely, Latin Palaeography, Diplomatics, Codicology, and Textual Editing. Over the last decade and more, the Institute has transformed itself into a research institution offering fellowships to young post-doctoral students and visiting scholars. But the Institute has now developed a new curriculum that will make training in these technical disciplines available again, and in an expanded fashion, leading to a formal credential in Manuscript Studies.
The programme is open to all qualified applicants who feel they would benefit from it: those just embarking upon their graduate careers who realize that such training would be a valuable precursor to the work they are soon to undertake; those already enrolled in graduate programmes elsewhere who have recognized the need to acquire skills that their own programmes do not provide; those who have already earned their degrees and are in full-time posts but may be looking to enrich themselves. Given that many of these potential applicants will have other obligations during the fall and spring semesters, this new programme in Manuscript Studies is designed to run in the form of intensive summer courses in order to make it accessible to as many candidates as possible.
The programme consists of four core courses, in Latin Palaeography, Diplomatics, Codicology, and Textual Editing, plus a variable content Special Subject. To qualify for the Diploma in Manuscript Studies students are required to take four courses over two summers, and also to complete a graduating project.
MSST 1000: Latin Palaeography
An intensive introduction to mediaeval handwriting in the Latin West from the late Roman period until the dawn of print, designed for those who wish to acquire the skills that will enable them to work directly with manuscript materials. Participants will be introduced to all the main mediaeval systems of abbreviation, together with the principles of transcription, through daily exercises in identifying, dating, and transcribing the various scripts. Scribal practices and the basics of manuscript production will also be considered, as will the context within which palaeographical developments occurred. Original examples will be viewed in the libraries and archives of Rome and the Vatican when the course runs in Italy, and in the Pontifical Institute's own collection when it runs in Toronto.
MSST 1001: Codicology
A course examining the physical make-up and production of manuscript codices. The actual processes of manufacture of mediaeval manuscripts will be explored, including the making of parchment, the preparation of quires for writing, scribal practices, illumination, and binding. The changing context of manuscript production, from the early monastic scriptoria to the rapid reproduction of texts at the universities of the high Middle Ages, will also be considered. The proper method for describing manuscripts and how to exploit modern catalogue listings and other finding tools will be covered. The manuscript collection of the Pontifical Institute will provide firsthand experience with medieval manuscripts, and the bases for a final practicum.
MSST 1002: Diplomatics and Diplomatic Editing
An introduction to the documentary survivals from the medieval period and the conventions used in their composition. The evolving practices of royal, ecclesiastical, and papal chanceries, medieval notaries, and private individuals when drawing up documents will be traced from the late-Roman period onwards. Practical exercises will familiarize students with charter forms and formulae, papal bulls, and other document types, together with the various documentary hands used over time. The editing of medieval documents for modern publication will also be discussed, through a critique of current published editions. Local repositories in Rome and the Vatican will be visited when the course is taught in Rome.
MSST 1003: Textual Editing
An introduction to the textual criticism and editing of medieval texts from manuscript sources. Practical exercises will focus upon the transcription and collation of texts from multiple witnesses, with instruction in how to create a critical apparatus and an apparatus of sources. Modern editions of medieval scholastic and literary texts will be used to illustrate various aspects of the presentation of an edited text, from reconstructing the textual tradition and building a stemma codicum, to describing the manuscripts and the editorial conventions employed.
MSST 1004: Special Subjects in Manuscript Studies
A variable content course designed to take advantage of distinguished visiting scholars who will offer special seminars in their areas of expertise, illustrating how they use manuscript materials in their own research: the jewel in the crown of the programme. The majority of these Special Subjects will run in Rome, and will focus upon topics that draw upon the unique resources available in Rome and elsewhere in Italy. Can be repeated as content changes.
MSST 2000: Final Project
The graduating project for those students pursuing the diploma stream. The topic of the Final Project will be developed in consultation with a supervisor chosen by the student from amongst the faculty who taught the courses in which the student enrolled. The Project must be built around original manuscript codices or archival materials, and show the application of the technical skills acquired in previous coursework within the research undertaken. All faculty involved in teaching the students will serve as readers of the Final Project.
Courses will be available on a rotating basis, with two of the above courses being offered each summer. Students accepted to the programme may choose either simply to enrol for a single summer, that is, for the two courses offered in any given year; or, by taking four courses over two consecutive summers, and completing a Final Project, they can qualify for the Diploma in Manuscript Studies.
Each course meets for three hours a day, three days a week, for three weeks, making it equivalent in contact hours to a standard semester-long graduate course. Courses run one at a time, one after another, for a total of six weeks each summer. This allows the students to concentrate intensively on one subject at a time, and also make it possible for field trips to be scheduled in one course without conflicting with the demands of another.
The venue for teaching will alternate between the Pontifical Institute in Toronto and the Pontificia Università di San Tommaso d’Aquino, also known as the Angelicum, in Rome, to take advantage of the unique resources of each locale. In Rome, students will also have access to some of Europe's greatest libraries and archives – the Vatican Library, the Biblioteca Casanatense, and the Biblioteca Angelica amongst them – where they can study mediaeval manuscripts at first hand. Field trips will also be organized to repositories further afield and to special exhibitions that are relevant to the courses currently being offered. Most of the Special Subjects courses will be mounted in Rome, by instructors who are exploring topics that can be best illustrated through manuscripts and other sources found in the City, courses on such things as the popes and the papal chancery, the inscriptions of ancient and medieval monuments in Rome, mediaeval philosophical ideas as traced through manuscript transmission, the history of the Dominican order as told through the order's general archive at Santa Sabina. In Toronto, the emphases will be on those courses that take full advantage of the Pontifical Institute's great library, with its outstanding reference collection in palaeography and related fields. The courses will allow students to explore the Institute's own collection of medieval manuscripts and documentary sources, a collection built specifically for teaching purposes.
The programme is directed by M. Michèle Mulchahey, the Leonard E. Boyle Professor of Manuscript Studies at the Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, who also teaches at least one of the courses most summers. In Rome, Dr Stephen M. Metzger of the Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana has now joined the programme’s teaching faculty and will regularly offer courses there. Fellows of the Pontifical Institute who are especially skilled in various areas of Manuscript Studies also participate in the curriculum, as do experts from other institutions who offer Special Subject courses as affiliate faculty, giving the programme a truly international teaching team.
Applications will be accepted from candidates of any nationality. Applicants must have completed at least a B.A. by the time the course commences, and be able to demonstrate reading knowledge of Latin. And it must be underscored that the programme's coursework does presume such reading knowledge. Students currently enrolled in other graduate programmes either at the M.A. or the Ph.D. level may apply, as may post-doctoral scholars. Those currently holding academic or curatorial positions are also eligible. A maximum of 12 places will be available each year, but always with priority being given in the second year of the course cycle to those students who have enrolled for the full curriculum and are pursuing the diploma in Manuscript Studies.
Tuition is $2,000 CAD. The Pontifical Institute is, however, able to offer 12 fellowships of up to $6,000 CAD per year, for which all applicants will be automatically considered. Upon acceptance candidates will be asked to submit a budget outlining their anticipated needs. The fellowships are intended to cover the costs of tuition and travel either to Rome or Toronto, as well as providing a modest stipend.
Participants are responsible for organizing their own accommodation in Toronto.
Accommodation is available on the University of Toronto campus in residence halls and in shared apartments and houses. Certain residences also offer meal plans. For further information see https://studentlife.utoronto.ca/task/summer-residence/
Also see the links there to information regarding the housing options available through affiliated and independent residences: https://studentlife.utoronto.ca/task/compare-affiliate-and-independent-residences/, as well as the page on housing advice and support for those looking for off-campus housing: https://studentlife.utoronto.ca/service/housing-advice-and-support/
The deadline for submission is 1 February 2024. Download and save the 2024 PDF application form, complete it by hand or electronically, and forward it together with a current c.v., two letters of reference, and a brief statement of research interests, including an indication of why you wish to pursue advanced training in manuscript studies, to:
Prof. M. Michèle Mulchahey
Director, Diploma Programme in Manuscript Studies
Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies
59 Queen's Park Crescent East
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C4
or via email at